So lets get down to the nitty gritty. What is a Unmanned aerial vehicle or UAV? Essentially it’s a acronym for  unmanned aircraft system (UAS). This type of aircraft is remotely controlled by electronic and computer means, under the supervision of human, or even without intervention, by means of programmable logic controllers (PLC).

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Westpac LifeSaver UAV
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the Famous B-52 that Served NASA for Almost 50 Years
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The Fancopter micro UAV
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Octo-copter taking vertical photography

What Were UAV’s (Drones) Originally Designed To Do?

These uav drones were  originally designed, engineered and built to be used in the following:

  • Traditional missions of high risk for humans
  • In the areas of military intelligence
  • Support and control firing artillery
  • Air support to troops infantry and cavalry on the battlefield
  • Control cruise missiles
  • Urban patrolling
  • Coastal, environmental activities and borders, search and rescue activities, among others.
  • They were often preferred for missions that were deemed “dull or deemed too dangerous”. Examples of this were tasks such as non – military security like surveillance.

Currently, research development and manufactures of UAV’s are made and stimulated mainly by military US , and the Israeli military. A decade ago military uav’s were one of the main instruments of the military strategies in the United States, but now 51 states  have this technology . 

Drones To The Rescue

Drone technology can be used for rescue operations in areas of difficult access, disaster areas (floods, landslides, landslides, fires, blocked buildings, etc.), as these devices transmit images and video in real time, contributing to more rescue success. Drones are also used to monitor people, such as to prevent attacks or even vandalism. Google has also stepped into the drone rescue arena, patenting a drone specifically for rescues. More on this article can be found at www.popsci.com.

The use of drones for delivery of goods and orders is still being tested. One of the companies that are testing this possibility is Amazon . You can read all about the launch of the Amazon drone here

UVA
Latest amazon drone

Anti-poaching Drones

Back in June 2012, World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) announced it would now use UAVs in Nepal to aid conservation efforts after a successful trial of two aircraft in Chitwan National Park. The global wildlife organization planned to train ten personnel to use the UAVs, with operational use beginning in the fall.

UAV

 In August 2012, UAVs were also utilized by members of the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society in Namibia to document the annual seal cull. In December 2013, the Falcon UAV was selected by the Namibian Government and WWF to assist in combating rhinoceros poaching. The drones operate in Etosha National Park and will use implanted RFID tags.

In 2012, the WWFund supplied two FPV Raptor 1.6 UAVs to Nepal National Parks. These UAVs were used to monitor rhinos, tigers and elephants and deter poachers. The UAVs were equipped with time-lapse cameras and could fly for 18 miles at 650 feet.

Kruger National Park also started using a Seeker II UAV against rhino poachers in December 2012. The UAV was loaned to the South African National Parks authority by its manufacturer, Denel Dynamics of South Africa.

Below is a video that show how anti poaching drones are being used. Bryce and Shannon Clemence manage the anti poaching team at Sango Game Reserve.

 

Pollution monitoring

UAVs equipped with air quality monitors provide real time air analysis at various elevations. In Beijing, three unmanned aerial vehicles have been deployed by a environment monitoring station in Hebei to alert to possible polluting activities and help cut down pollution in the area.

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The UAVs, two with fixed-wings and one with multi-rotors, will take aerial photographs of suspect factories and workshops to send on evidence of polluting activities.

Oil, Gas and Mineral Exploration and Production

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uav drone

UAVs can be used to perform geophysical surveys, in particular geomagnetic surveys where measurements of the Earth’s varying magnetic field strength are used to calculate the nature of the underlying magnetic rock structure. A knowledge of the underlying rock structure helps to predict the location of mineral deposits. Oil and gas production entails the monitoring of the integrity of oil and gas pipelines and related installations. For above-ground pipelines, this monitoring activity can be performed using digital cameras mounted on UAVs.

In 2012, Cavim, the state-run arms manufacturer of Venezuela, claimed to be producing its own UAV as part of a system to survey and monitor pipelines, dams and other rural infrastructure.

Civil use

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Along with military use, drones are being used more and more by civilians, such as by photographers and cameramen at birthday parties, weddings and events in general. No doubt, a drone can capture better angles and still shots while keeping the camera stable for longer, this also makes it ideal for video production. You can get more info on DJI Phantom HERE

 

Drones Racing

FPV drone racing (where FPV stands for first-person view or first person video) is a sport whereby participants control “drones” (usually small radio-controlled aircraft or quadcopters), equipped with cameras while wearing head-mounted displays showing the live stream camera feed from the drones. The goal is to complete a course as fast as possible. Drone racing emerged in Australia in 2014 and is growing fast.

The Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI; English: The World Air Sports Federation) is the world governing body for airsports, has introduced a sporting code, and sanctions FPV Racing events. If you want a more comprehensive guide to drone racing you can ind it here

 

UAV’s continue to involve and involve themselves in our lives, and from the amount of their uses and civilians getting in on UAV flying, they aren’t going anywhere soon. And I for one, am exceedingly glad.

 

Don’t forget to like and share if you found all this useful – cheers!

 

 

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